Kidneys are essential organs that are necessary for the functioning of the human body. Research has shown that 33% of adults living in the United States are at risk of developing kidney disease. The disease is often unnoticed in its early stages and causes problems in the advanced stages. The patient then has to undergo a transplant or dialysis. Ghayyath Sultan, M.D., treats all types of kidney diseases, including renal failure, chronic kidney disease, and hypertension.  It is, however, important to stay healthy and prevent the disease. Below are some essential tips for healthy kidney maintenance:

1. Exercise regularly

Keeping fit reduces the risk of blood pressure and regulates weight. It also helps improve heart health. Start with simple walks, cycling, and jogging. Find a fun activity that keeps you busy. However, you should not over-exercise, especially those with heart problems. Those with any condition should consult a physician before choosing an exercise program. Working out reduces the chances of chronic kidney disease.

2. A healthy diet

Kidney problems can result from medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart diseases. Eating healthy will help control weight gain and reduce blood pressure, hence keeping kidneys healthy. Take fewer amounts of sodium and processed foods. It is recommended that sodium intake should not exceed 6 grams per day and should not be added to ready food. Prepare food with fresh ingredients such as whole grains and vegetables.

3. Take plenty of fluids.

Doctors recommend drinking 2 liters (8 glasses) for a healthy person and in the right climate condition. However, the intake will vary with the climate condition, exercise, and any preexisting medical conditions. Those with kidney and heart diseases should adjust their intake appropriately. Breastfeeding and pregnancy are also factors to consider. Water aids in clearing toxins and sodium from kidneys, reducing the risk of chronic disease.

4. Don’t smoke

Smoking damages the blood vessels and slows the flow of blood throughout the body. This means that blood flow to the kidney is also affected by decreasing its functionality. Smoking will also increase the risks of kidney cancer by almost 50%.

5. Reduce the intake of over-the-counter pills

Regular taking of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pills can harm the kidneys. It is always good to consult the doctor if you are experiencing pains that require painkillers from time to time.

6. Constant checking of blood pressure

Healthy blood pressure should read 120/80. If the blood pressure reads above 140/90, then you may need to monitor and control it continually. Research shows that half of the people with this condition are not even aware of it. Blood pressure can significantly damage the kidneys and should therefore be checked from time to time. A healthy lifestyle can help reduce the chances of developing high blood pressure.

7. Have Kidneys checked if you have a risk factor

If you have diabetes, hypertension, obesity, or a history of kidney disease in the family, it is crucial to go for regular tests and screening.  The doctor will also check for possible changes.

According to Healthline, 1 in 10 people over 20 years show symptoms of kidney disease. Some are progressive and get worse over time. The kidney is so damaged that it no longer removes waste from the blood in the later stages. It is essential to go for testing and seek medical care before the final stages. At Houston Kidney Specialists Center, they treat all kidney disease forms and offer transplant and dialysis services.